BACKGROUND: IL-21, a member of the common gamma-chain utilizing family of cytokines, participates in immune and inflammatory processes. In addition, the cytokine has been linked to autoimmunity in humans and rodents.
METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To investigate the mechanism whereby IL-21 affects the immune system, we investigated its role in T cell homeostasis and autoimmunity in both non-autoimmune C57BL/6 and autoimmune NOD mice. Our data indicate that IL-21R knockout C57BL/6 and NOD mice show increased size of their lymphocyte population and decreased homeostatic proliferation. In addition, our experimental results demonstrate that IL-21 inhibits T cell survival. These data suggest that IL-21 acts to limit the size of the T cell pool. Furthermore, our data suggest IL-21 may contribute to the development of autoimmunity.
CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Taken together, our results suggest that IL-21 plays a global role in regulating T cell homeostasis, promoting the continuous adaptation of the T cell lymphoid space.
Animals, Antigens, Autoimmunity, Cell Proliferation, Gene Expression Regulation, Homeostasis, Humans, Interleukins, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred NOD, Mice, Knockout, Models, Biological, Receptors, Interleukin-21, T-Lymphocytes
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Datta, Shrimati and Sarvetnick, Nora E., "IL-21 limits peripheral lymphocyte numbers through T cell homeostatic mechanisms." (2008). Journal Articles: Regenerative Medicine. Paper 20.