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Midwest Rural Agricultural Safety and Health Conference

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Background: Studying the work environment and demographics of agricultural workers involved in fatal incidents can provide valuable information on the cause of fatalities and lead to better prevention measures.

Objectives: To determine populations at risk of fatalities and the determinants of fatalities in production agriculture.

Method: Agricultural injury and fatality data were obtained from Press clippings and Google alerts covering seven Midwest States (SD, ND, MN, IA, NE, KS and MO). Google Alerts were collected based on key words including: “farm accident”, “farm incident”, “farm death”, “ranch accident”, ”ranch incident”, “ranch death”, “ATV farm death”, “ATV ranch death”, “livestock death”, as well as other descriptors. Articles from Google Alerts were screened. Relevant articles were analyzed, and data were then extracted and added to the database. Differences in demographic and characteristics between fatal and non-fatal injuries were compared within the CS-CASH media monitoring database using the chi-square and logistic regression model.

Results: A total of 1048 agricultural-related injuries including 586(56%) non-fatal cases and 462 (54.16%) fatalities were collected between 2011 to 2017 across the seven Midwest states by CSCASH monitoring database. We found that fatality was significantly associated with; age group (p<0.0001), type of injury event (p<0.0001), source of injury (p=0.01), time of injury (p=0.0018), activities during injury (p=0.0002), place of injury (p<0.0001) and gender (p=0.0004) in a univariate analysis. It was further discovered in a multiple logistic regression that age groups, time and the place of injury were good predictors of fatalities.

Conclusion: This study suggests that place of injury, time of injury and age of the victims were possible determinants of fatalities and males, elderly and the infants had more fatalities in agricultural production industry.


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Factors Associated with Fatalities in Production Agriculture

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