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Presentation date


College, Institute, or Department

Internal Medicine

Faculty Mentor

Dr. Michelene Hearth-Holmes, MD, MEd, RhMSUS


Our study aimed to investigate for implicit linguistic biases in letters of recommendation written for applicants applying to our rheumatology program, and to determine if differences in gender and race exist between the applicants. Additionally, we wanted to compare these results to the gender, race, academic rank, and position of the letter writers. We found that among the preliminary 50 letters, they showed that our letters seemed to show the opposite trends than other published studies. We anticipate the need for further study, and look forward to the results.


linguistic biases, letters of recommendation, applications

Linguistic Biases in Letters of Recommendation Written for Rheumatology Fellowship Applicants