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Presentation date

Summer 8-12-2021

College, Institute, or Department

Internal Medicine

Faculty Mentor

Whitney Goldner, MD

Research Mentor

Whitney Goldner, MD

Abstract

Around 90% of all well-differentiated thyroid cancers are papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). PTCs have a recurrence rate of around 20% and a low mortality rate of around 5%. Within PTCs, around 60% of them have the BRAFV600E mutation. Currently, there is a debate on whether BRAFV600E is an independent predictor of tumor aggressiveness and recurrence. This study looks at whether BRAFV600E is an independent predictor of recurrence and outcomes in PTC. Tissue microarrays (TMA) were made from well-differentiated thyroid tumors and stained for the BRAFV600E mutation. BRAFV600E expression was calculated using an H-score: the staining intensity (0-3) multiplied by the amount of tumor that stained positive. A univariate analysis showed that BRAFV600E was significantly associated with age (p=0.0259), gender (p=0.019), extrathyroidal extension (p=0.049), positive margins (p=0.033), lymph node ratio (p=0.0106), N stage (p=0.015), AJCC 8 stage (p=0.0042), ATA risk category (p=0.018), and time to recurrence (p=0.0487). A multivariable analysis found that only extrathyroidal extension was an independent predictor of recurrence. Overall, BRAFV600E was not an independent predictor of recurrence in this cohort. Current treatment plans based on risk of recurrence appear to be appropriate, and it is not recommended that BRAFV600E be included as an independent variable.

Keywords

Well-differentiated thyroid cancer, BRAFV600E, recurrence, papillary thyroid carcinoma

Should BRAFV600E be Incorporated into Treatment Recommendations for Thyroid Cancer?

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