OBJECTIVE: Patients using U-500 regular insulin are severely insulin resistant, requiring high doses of insulin. It has been observed that a patient's insulin requirements may dramatically decrease during hospitalization. This study sought to systematically investigate this phenomenon.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with U-500 insulin outpatient regimens who were admitted to the San Antonio Military Medical Center over a 5-year period. Each patient's outpatient total daily dose (TDD) of insulin was compared to the average inpatient TDD. The outpatient estimated average glucose (eAG) was calculated from the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and compared to the average inpatient glucose.
RESULTS: There were 27 patients with a total of 62 separate admissions. The average age was 64.4 years, with a mean body mass index of 38.9 kg/m
CONCLUSION: U-500 insulin is prone to errors in the hospital setting, so conversion to U-100 insulin is a preferred option. Despite a significant reduction in insulin TDD, these patients had clinically similar glucose levels. Therefore, patients taking U-500 insulin as an outpatient can be converted to a U-100 basal-bolus regimen with at least a 50% reduction of their outpatient TDD.
ABBREVIATIONS: BG = blood glucose eAG = estimated average glucose HbA1c = glycated hemoglobin NPO = nil per os SPSS = Statistical Package for the Social Sciences TDD = total daily dose.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication 1.0 License.
U.S. Government Work
Paulus, Andrew O/; Colburn, Jeffrey A.; True, Mark W.; Beckman, Darrick J.; Davis, Richard P.; Wardian, Jana L. PhD; Graybill, Sky D.; Folaron, Irene; and Lewi, Jack E., "Evaluation of Total Daily Dose and Glycemic Control for Patients Taking U-500 Regular Insulin Admitted to the Hospital" (2016). Journal Articles: Hospital Medicine. 29.