Nebraska Society of Radiologic Technologists, Annual Conference

Document Type

Conference Proceeding




Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with more than 150 viruses.1 HPV is an infection of the basal epithelium and transmission can occur either by direct contact or during childbirth. More than 50% of sexually active people will be infected with some form of HPV during their lifetime.2 Two categories of sexually transmitted HPV include low-risk HPVs, which are not cancer causing, and high-risk, or oncogenic HPVs, which can lead to a cancer diagnosis. Malignancies found to be associated with HPV infection include cervical, vaginal, vulvar, penile and anal cancers as well as cancers of the oropharynx. Treatment of HPV-related cancers often includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Health education and prevention is necessary to reduce cancers related to HPV infections. Education on abstinence and vaccinations are two methods proven to be effective. The role of the health care provider is to educate adolescents regarding the risk of sexually transmitted disease and ways to protect themselves from HPV-related cancers such as the cases reviewed in this exhibit.