Download Full Text (2.9 MB)
College, Institute, or Department
Pathology and Microbiology
Dr. Javeed Iqbal
Introduction: Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) accounts for 4.1% of all cancers in the United States. Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma (PTCL) consists of ~10-15% of all NHL in the Western world. 30-50% of these PTCLs are not classifiable/diagnosed and are instead designated as PTCL-Not Otherwise Specified (PTCL-NOS). The two major molecular subgroups within PTCL-NOS are PTCL-TBX21 and PTCL-GATA3, determined by their distinct T-helper (TH) transcriptional programs. GATA3 and TBX21 are the master-transcriptional regulators of TH2- and TH1-cell differentiation, respectively. The overall survival analysis of PTCL-NOS cases illustrates the clinical outcome of PTCL-GATA3 cases are significantly lower than PTCL-TBX21 cases over a broad timeframe. Thus, the need for understanding the underlying mechanism and finding therapeutic targets is at the utmost importance.
Background: TP53 mutations and/or TP53 loss deletions are frequent in PTCL-GATA3 cases, compared to PTCL-TBX21. TP53 is a protein that is essential in cycle regulation but also acts as a tumor suppressor. It stops cells from dividing if they have mutated or damaged DNA. Due to the high mutation rates observed in this subtype, we believe TP53 could play a major role in this mechanism. Therefore, it was important to focus on the TP53-GATA3 interaction at the genomic level. Prior studies using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-qPCR on the intron 3 full GATA3 region suggested there was more TP53 binding in this intron region compared to other regions. Therefore, we designed a research strategy to determine the specific binding regions of TP53-GATA3 interaction and the function of the TP53 binding.
Lymphoma, PTCL, GATA3, TP53, T-cell, intron, luciferase, chromatin immunoprecipitation
Nasser, Zaina W.; Jochum, Dylan T.; Lone, Waseem G.; Bouska, Alyssa C.; Sharma, Sunandini; and Iqbal, Javeed, "Investigating the Role of TP53 in Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma-GATA3 Subtype" (2023). Posters: 2023 Summer Undergraduate Research Program. 4.