Document Type

Capstone Experience

Graduation Date


Degree Name

Master of Public Health


Health Services Research & Administration

First Committee Member

Trina White

Second Committee Member

Melanie Cozad

Third Committee Member

Maggie Ferguson


This scoping review aims to assess if the criteria to determine Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) work requirement exemptions provide equal access to individuals with disabilities (IWDs) using a modified PRISMA analysis framework. IWDs applying for SNAP must meet at least one of three requirements to be exempt from work requirements, but these requirements may be disproportionately burdensome for them. SNAP has a long history of expanding food security throughout the U.S., benefiting millions of families. Almost two-thirds of SNAP participants are children, older adults, or IWDs. Children and older adults are exempt from work requirements and IWDs may be exempt depending on their ability to perform job functions. IWDs are more likely to be enrolled in SNAP benefits and live at or below the national poverty line, indicating lower financial assets. This evaluation used a modified PRISMA analysis framework to conduct a comprehensive literature review. The literature shows that IWDs are more likely to experience food insecurity and the current SNAP enrollment process is burdensome for IWDs and all potential SNAP enrollees to access food assistance. There is little to no literature indicating whether or not IWDs are disproportionately burdened by work requirements. Future research opportunities include the impact of work requirements on IWDs specifically, rather than SNAP participants generally and revisions to the SNAP enrollment process.

Included in

Public Health Commons