Graduation Date

Spring 5-6-2017

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Emergency Preparedness

First Advisor

Sharon Medcalf, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Wael ElRayes, M.D.

Third Advisor

Theodore Cieslak, M.D.


Each year almost 60 million elementary, middle and high school children attend school across the United States. Each day on campus holds the possibility that these students may suffer from an encounter that causes them long-term physical, emotional, psychological impact. Unfortunately, hundreds of victims from this vulnerable population have suffered each time a school was unprepared for an emergency event that occurred on campus. Currently, there are no mandatory specifications in place for school preparedness plans. The government has mandated that schools develop a framework to address hazards that affect schools, but have not made any of these requirements mandatory. To date, there has been no true guidance offered to individual states; leaving school districts to manage on their own. As a result, many administrators, staff members and children face the possibility of catastrophic events once a major event occurs; leading to serious injury and death.