Graduation Date

Spring 5-7-2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Medical Sciences Interdepartmental Area

First Advisor

Lani Zimmerman, PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN

Second Advisor

Chandrakanth Are, MD, MBA, FRCS, FACS

Third Advisor

Monirul Islam, MD, PhD


The global burden of cancer is rising at an alarming rate. It remains as one of the top causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is predicted that within 2020, there will be 15 million new cases of cancer in the world, with cancer-related deaths increasing to 12 million. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the global cancer burden is expected to surge 57% worldwide in the next 20 years. A significant rise in cancer burden will occur in the low-income and middle-income (developing) countries not only due to demographic shifts, but also by the transition of risk factors due to globalization of economies and behavioral patterns mirroring high-income economies (developed countries). The rise in global cancer burden and the urgency to fight against cancer has lead to cancer control being termed as a “global health priority. This alarming rise in cancer burden will require a renewed attention for control, prevention and early detection of cancer that can complement the improved treatments. The understanding of the global trends and regional and socio-economic variations of cancer incidence and mortality would help global health workforce design strategies for prevention, early detection and develop unified global and region-specific plans to coordinate and improve health care environment and patient health.